Varicose veins - every woman should know

Have you noticed that even in the heat, many women wear tight tights, trousers or jeans? Maybe they are so comfortable and familiar, you say. Or maybe they just have something to hide? For example, bulging veins in the legs.

varicose veins of the legs

The disease that so often spoils the beauty of women's legs is called varicose veins. According to statistics, one in two women suffers from this pathology. The likelihood of developing varicose veins increases with age. But even if you are young and it seems to you that you definitely do not have "varicose veins", you should once again take a close look at your legs. The first sign of venous disease is not cyanotic "worms" under the skin at all. At first, the disease manifests itself only with a feeling of heaviness and swelling in the legs.

Try pressing your finger on the back of your foot in the evening. Do dents remain on the skin? Are there any traces of elastic stockings? Do you feel heaviness in your legs after a hard day? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you may already be developing venous insufficiency.

Why do varicose veins occur?

Because of what, the healthy vessels from birth dilate in a varicose way over the years? It's all about anatomy. Veins carry blood to the heart every day. That is, if we are talking about legs, then the blood moves upward through these vessels, constantly overcoming gravity.

This task is performed by three mechanisms: negative pressure, which is created by the muscles of the body and diaphragm, the work of the gastrocnemius muscles and venous valves.

Everything is clear with the first mechanism. We breathe, a pressure difference is created and this helps the blood to move towards the heart.

With the work of the leg muscles, everything is also simple. The calves play the role of a kind of internal compression and support stockings. The leg muscles contract, compressing the veins and pushing blood into the overlying sections.

And the venous valves? What are they for? The valves within the veins prevent the backflow of blood. If they were not there, all the blood, under the influence of gravity, accumulated in the feet, and only a small part reached the heart and brain.

The blood flow in the veins is very slow, every centimeter is difficult to overcome. Contractions of the heart cause blood to move rapidly through the arteries, but they are not strong enough to keep the pressure in the veins high.

To prevent the liquid from flowing in the opposite direction, nature has invented a kind of "pockets" on the inner surface of these vessels. In them, the blood waits for the next pulsation, which will be able to push it a little higher. In total, there are up to 25 valves in the leg veins!

But over time, the veins in the legs wear out and these valves weaken. Their valves are no longer closed so tightly, which means that some of the blood will flow back into the sections below. From this, the veins in the legs will overflow and swell. The same "varicose veins" will appear.

Why do varicose veins cause swelling and spots on the skin?

Due to the constant pressure of blood on the walls of the worn out veins, a certain amount of plasma is squeezed out of the vessels into the surrounding tissues. If you are standing all day, the fluid will gradually build up and swell.

Accumulation of tissue fluid leads to oxygen starvation. And where there is a lack of oxygen, there is premature aging. The skin on the legs gradually becomes dry and loses its elasticity. The cells of the scar tissue are stimulated, thanks to which the foot and lower leg gradually change color. Yellow-brown spots and spots form on the legs, and the skin itself becomes thin and whitish, like a scar.

Over time, congestive eczema, phlebitis, or ulcers can develop in such damaged tissues.

How are varicose veins treated?

There is only one natural way to get the blood flowing in the right direction. You need to lie down more comfortably and raise your legs above head level, for example on the armrest or the back of the sofa. It is this path that we intuitively choose when we feel heaviness in the legs. But this measure has only a temporary effect. As soon as we stand up, the vein will overflow with blood again and stretch even more.

In the early stages of varicose veins, various venotonics can be used - drugs that increase the tone of the vascular wall and improve microcirculation.

In addition, after a long day of work, to relieve fatigue, you can lubricate your feet with a special gel.

But if the venous insufficiency is expressed quite strongly and the vessels of the legs are noticeably dilated, then one cannot do without serious intervention. Severe varicose veins are treated only by sclerotherapy or removal of the dilated vein. Also, doctors recommend wearing special compression garments for people with chronic venous insufficiency.

The main thing, remember: the earlier you start treating varicose veins, the longer your veins will last.